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DARADA VATI in SANDHIGATA VATA” (Osteoarthritis)

#0139 Rasashastra

THE PREPARATION, PHYSICO-CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF DARADA VATI AND EVALUATION OF ITS CLINICAL EFFICACY ON SANDHIGATA VATA” (Osteoarthritis) -Kallappa. M. Jaggal, Department of Rasashastra, D.G.M. Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital and P.G.Research Center, Gadag.

Parada and Gandhaka yogas are consider superior in Rasa shastra, so Hingula is compound of Parada and Gandhaka has the properties similar to the Rasasidhura hence Darada vati is to be considered suprim in Sandhigata vata. After pharmaceutical procedure Hingula become non toxic and therapeutically effective, the specific drugs used in procedure may check the pathogenesis and normalizes the function of tissue. Procedure bhavana make the particle size of the Hingula in very micro form (34micron). Physico-chemical analytical study of vati passes all the Pharmcopheal standerd value and assy of Mercury is 21%, Sulphar is 9.1%. By clinical evaluation we conclude that it reduced the subjective and objective parameters of disease. [Read Full Text]

PRIYALAMAJJADI YOGA IN THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN

#0108 Kaumarabhrtya

A STUDY ON THE EFFICACY OF PRIYALAMAJJADI YOGA IN THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN DURING COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING – DEPT. OF KAUMARABHRITYA, GOVERNMENT AYURVEDA COLLEGE, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, KERALA

The broad objective of the study is to get an ideal palatable complementary feed, which can meet the nutritional requirements, as well as to reduce the weaning associated clinical conditions existing in the population. The search for such a complementary feed begins with the formulation under consideration, Priyalamajjadi yoga. Therefore, the study starts with a profound problem of nutritional inadequacy, progressing with the aim to find out a solid solution from the traditional wealth of Ayurveda, by fixing the efficacy of a complementary feed explained in the science with a broad objective to evaluate its ideal time for administration in weaning. The results of the interventions on growth in the study and control clusters in all the three groups were evaluated by using statistical methods. Priyalmajjadi yoga is having a significant effect on the growth of the children if administered in the initial phase of weaning, in which the other dietary additions are minimal. In another way, Priyalamajjadi could be act as an effective initial complementary feed by converging the properties of many other feeds into one. It was also seen that the formulation is having significant effect on gain in length and weight of the children in Group B also. This indicates that the formulation can be used up to 11 months for the enhancement of the weight and length of the children under one year of age along with an ideal dietary advice. [Read Full Text]

Identifying Best Practice Diagnosis & Management of Male Infertility in Ayurveda

Identifying Best Practice Diagnosis & Management of Male Infertility in Ayurveda – Chris Gribble BSc. PG Dip Ayurveda, Student Number: M00047552 , Programme: MSc Ayurvedic Medicine Module: MSc Dissertation

This study explored the contemporary ayurvedic treatment of male infertility to identify best practice diagnosis and a preferred list of medications. It also investigated alternative treatment options for pathologies associated with male infertility. This work provides newly qualified ayurvedic professionals a contemporary practice guideline to explore in their own clinics, and makes recommendations for the research community with respect to exploring the effectiveness of the treatment strategies explored. The approach employed a retrospective case series analysis of 31 cases for patients treated by a recognised expert. Qualitative analysis identified 46 preferred medicines categorized against ayurvedic semen quality parameters which appear to have diagnostic value. Reference values are provided to enable their derivation from allopathic semen data. The qualitative analysis has also identified ayurvedic options for varicocele (grades 1-3). A further 6 herbs have been identified that warrant investigation, and this investigation recommends that future effectiveness studies include radical purification therapies to identify the most beneficial treatment approach. The quantitative analysis of patient outcomes suggests that the treatment strategies used improved semen quality of the patients. The sample population showed a statistically significant improvement in sperm count (P=0.025, 24.8%) and motility (P=0.002, 134.5%), but a non-significant improvement in morphology (P=0.248, 17.0%). In relation to individual cases, this represented attainment of normal values for 14.3% of cases, and an improvement in a further 42.9%. This study has not been able to investigate idiopathic male infertility or demonstrate the effectiveness of the preferred medicines against their identified pathologies. This was a retrospective study constrained by its methodology, the available data, and a small sample size. However, the evidence does suggest a positive improvement in response to treatment modality for the population as a whole. It has also provided valuable information to help in the design of future effectiveness studies and clinical audits. [Read full text]

ROLE OF PICTOGRAMS IN PATIENT MEDICATION ADHERENCE

#0119 Pharmacy

THE ROLE OF PICTOGRAMS IN PATIENT MEDICATION ADHERENCE – Anil T M. DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACY PRACTICE, VISVESWARAPURA INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, BANGALORE

Pictograms stimulate imagination and will help recalling of medical instructions.  The practical application of pictograms in low literate population would entail explaining the meaning of the pictogram and act as a stimulus to recall the information. Influence of the pictograms on medication adherence was conducted in the medicine wards of KIMS hospital and Research center,Bangaloreduring October 2006 to April 2007.  It was a prospective, randomized case control study consisting of 111 patients with cardio vascular, pulmonary disorders and diabetes mellitus, admitted to medicine wards.

Adherence to pharmacotherapy is essential for optimal therapeutic outcomes.  The pivotal role of the pharmacist in optimizing adherence encompasses many actions: assessing the adherence problem, identifying predisposing factors, providing comprehensive counseling and recommending specific adherence strategies targeted to patient’s need.  Low literate patients comprise a patient population with special needs who are at a higher risk of experiencing poor health.

Our efforts are likely to bring the most benefit to the patients at highest risk of adherence problems and issues like, patients being newly introduced to a treatment or patients with previous problems with adherence in chronic diseases.  By providing them an educational, behavioral and emotional support to manage their disease, we have probably fulfilled our professional role in promoting adherence. [Read Full Text]

Provision and Evaluation of Drug information Services in KIMS Hospital

#0118 Pharmacy

Provision and Evaluation of Drug information Services in KIMS Hospital,Bangalore – Abdul Waheed, DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACY PRACTICE, VISVESWARAPURA INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, BANGALORE

According to the SHPA Standards, Drug information is the provision of written and/or verbal information or advice about drugs and drug therapy in response to a request from other healthcare providers, organizations, committees, patients or members of the public. This may relate to a specific patient or consist of general information promoting the safe and effective use of medications. The rapid expanding numbers of new drugs and treatment principles has created and increased need for independently evaluated drug information and education.

The aim of drug information services is to optimize patient outcomes by supporting the quality use of medicines. The drug information pharmacist contributes to the quality use of medicines by the provision of current, timely, accurate, objective and appropriate information on drug and drug therapy.

The Drug Information Services were utilized by Clinicians from various departments such as Medicine, Others, Surgery, Dental, Dermatology, ENT, Psychiatrists, OBG, given in the descending order of their usage,  others which included Pharmacists, General Public, Patients etc. The enquirer status included all levels such as Post Graduate students, Surgeons, Physicians, Interns and Residents. The purpose of most of the queries was to update knowledge followed by better patient care. [Read Full Text]